The Putumayo has a great flora and fauna diversity that gives it an incalculable wealth, according to CORPOAMAZONIA the region has 1'800.054 ha in forest, 653,495 ha without forest, 63,185 ha of bodies of water, 5,726 in paramos and 14,836 in others. As Putumayo is rich in flora, tourists who love nature can enjoy this department that possess amazing sites for tourism. There are Andean species such as: motilon, May, distemper, Arrayán, drago blood among others and Amazonian species such as: Blood bull, Yellow, Caimo, guamo, white guarango among forest Semidensos, dense and very dense.
In the Department the West Hylaea is located below 1,000 msnmm to the south of the watershed of the Caquetá and Putumayo rivers; The Northwestern Hylaea, located below 1,000 msnmm to the north of the watershed of the Caquetá and Putumayo rivers; And Bosques Montanos, located from the 1000 msnmm.
The Western Hylaea is made up of Evergreen, Evergreen Rainforest, with arboreal vegetation abundant in Leguminosae, Bombacáceas, Miristicáceas, Solanáceas, Rubiaceae, Composites and Lauráceas, among others. There is a high presence of palm trees, and of hygrophilous families such as Musaceae, epiphytes, orchids and species of the genus Strychno; Fruit trees such as Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Anacardiaceae, Lecitidaceae and Legumes.
Of special commercial importance are the species Cedrela odorata, Swietenia macrophylla and Cedrelinga catenaeformis; Legumes such as Trattinickia peruviana, Quassia simarouba, Virola spp, Hura crepitans, and the genera Ceiba, Bombax, Apeiba, Inga, Ochroma, and Clusia, among others.